Doctors are not sure what causes spina bifida, neural tube or why not develop or close properly in some babies, even though they have identified several risk factors for spina bifida as follows:
Gender. More female babies born with spina bifida.
Family history. Couples who had a child with neural tube defects has slightly higher chance having another baby with the same defect. risk increases if two previous children had been affected by the condition. You can take help from experts by visiting sites like https://birthproblems.com/. They specializes in handling the cases of the child who are suffering from any ongoing developmental, behavioral, cognitive or other medical issues.
Folic acid deficiency. This vitamin is essential for the healthy development of the fetus. Lack of folic acid (vitamin B-9) increases the risk of spina bifida and other neural tube defects.
Some medications. Anti-seizure medications, such as valproic acid (Depakene), seems to cause neural tube defects when taken during pregnancy, probably because they interfere with the body's ability to use folic acid.
Diabetes. Increased risk of spina bifida with diabetes, especially when the mother's blood sugar to rise in early pregnancy. Careful control of blood sugar and management can reduce this risk.
Obesity. There is a relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and neural tube birth defects, including spina bifida. Exactly why obese women have an increased risk of having a baby with spina bifida is unknown, but may be due to nutritional deficits of poor eating habits or because they may have diabetes – another known risk factor for neural tube defects.